Skip to main content

Table 3 Predictors of Physical Health (PCS)

From: Quality of life among tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health care patients in three districts in South Africa

  Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)a,b
Sociodemographics   
Age 0.98 (0.97–0.99)*** 0.99 (0.97–1.02)
Female 1.00 1.00
Male 0.94 (0.83–1.07) 0.85 (0.55–1.31)
Education   
Grade 7 or less 1.00 1.00
Grade 8–11 1.41 (1.21–1.65)*** 1.08 (0.53–1.99)
Grade 12 or more 1.70 (1.43–2.01)*** 1.70 (1.01–2.85)*
Marital status   
Never married 1.00 1.00
Married/cohabitating 0.92 (0.79–1.07) 0.91 (0.52–1.59)
Divorced/separated/widowed 0.73 (0.56–0.95)* 0.74 (0.35–1.58)
Poverty index   
Low 1.00 1.00
Medium 0.77 (0.67–0.89)*** 0.84 (0.52–1.38)
High 1.43 (1.17–1.74)*** 1.10 (0.55–2.20)
Health variables   
New TB patient 1.00 1.00
TB retreatment patient 0.78 (0.68–0.90)*** 0.70 (0.45–1.09)
HIV negative 1.00 1.00
HIV positive 0.55 (0.48–0.63)*** 0.25 (0.11–0.61)**
Chronic conditions   
Zero 1.00 1.00
One 0.92 (0.77–1.10) 0.63 (0.36–1.13)
Two 0.85 (0.65–1.10) 0.88 (0.41–1.91)
Three or more 0.65 (0.46–0.91)* 0.36 (0.13–0.99)*
Psychological distress (K > 15) 0.37 (0.31–0.44)*** 0.27 (0.14–0.52)***
Alcohol: low risk (AUDIT 0–7) 1.00  
Medium (AUDIT 8–19) 0.99 (0.83–1.07)  
High (AUDIT 20–40) 0.83 (0.65–1.06)  
Tobacco use (daily or almost daily) 1.07 (0.92–1.26) ---
Had sex in past 3 months 1.50 1.32–1.71)*** 1.38 (0.89–2.14)
On ART 0.80 (0.68–0.94)** 0.56 (0.27–1.13)
TB medication adherence 0.63 (0.54–0.74)*** 0.76 (0.46–1.25)
ART adherence 0.41 (0.30–0.56)*** 0.79 (0.41–1.52)
Partner HIV negative/unknown 1.00 1.00
Partner HIV positive 0.71 (0.62–0.82)*** 0.99 (0.63–1.56)
  1. a Using “enter” LR selection of variables.
  2. b Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 6.10, df 8, 0.637; Cox and Snell R2 0.18; Nagelkerke R2 0.25.
  3. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001.