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Table 4 Bivariate mixed effects analyses predicting quality of life and posttraumatic stress symptoms two years post-tsunami (N = 574)

From: World assumptions, posttraumatic stress and quality of life after a natural disaster: A longitudinal study

Variable Quality of life at T2 Posttraumatic stress at T2
  b (95% CI) b (95% CI)
Gender   
 Male −0.25 (−0.40, -0.10)*** −0.27 (−0.41, -0.12)***
 Femalea 0 (0) 0 (0)
Age .00 (−0.00, 0.01) .00 (−0.01, 0.01)
Exposure   
 Not exposed 0.29 (0.05, 0.53)* −1.01 (−1.24, -0.79)***
 Exposed, but no danger 0.22 (0.04, 0.41)* −0.48 (−0.67, -0.31)***
 In dangera 0 (0) 0 (0)
Invulnerability 0.11 (0.03, 0.20)** −0.17 (−0.26, -0.08)***
Just world 0.22 (0.12, 0.31)*** −0.29 (−0.38, -0.20)***
Predictable world 0.06 -(0.01, 0.14) −0.11 (−0.19, -0.03)**
Controllable world 0.10 (0.02, 0.19)* −0.24 (−0.33, -0.15)***
Good and benevolent world 0.22 (0.12, 0.31)*** −0.27 (−0.36, -0.18)***
Meaningful life 0.31 (0.23, 0.39)*** −0.09 (−0.17, -0.00)*
Valuable person 0.37 (0.27, 0.47)*** −0.04 (−0.12, 0.04)
Quality of life at T1 0.62 (0.55, 0.68)*** −0.40 (−0.47, 0.32)***
Posttraumatic stress T1 −0.34 (−0.42, -0.27)*** 0.75 (0.70, 0.81)***
  1. Note: The multilevel regression analysis was controlled for the effect of mutual address. Figures are regression coefficients (confidence intervals in parenthesis). Quality of life and posttraumatic stress symptoms were standardized (Z-values). for comparability. All predictors were measured six months post-tsunami.
  2. a Females and those respondents exposed to danger were set to have a mean of 0 in the mixed effect models.
  3. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001.