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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the three health status groups and health characteristics of children with special health care needs (CSHCN)

From: Health-related quality of life among children with mental health problems: a population-based approach

  CSHCN with mental health problems CSHCN with physical health problems Healthy controls X 2 df p
  (n = 535) (n = 327) (n = 744)    
Age, years (mean ± SD) 11.39 ± 1.45 11.51 ± 1.54 11.46 ± 1.53 8.281 10 .601
Gender (% male) 65.4 56.0 47.0 42.624 2 p < 0.001
Nationality (% Swiss) 93.6 94.8 89.5 11.644 2 0.003
Severity of the main health problem of CSHCN       
Very low severity (%) 4.7 13.5   47.401 4 p < 0.001
Low severity (%) 17.6 29.1  
Average severity (%) 48.6 39.8  
High severity (%) 23.6 12.8  
Very high severity (%) 5.6 4.9  
Medication for the main health problem (% yes) 37.6 65.1   61.791 1 p < 0.001