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Table 3 Characteristics of the samples of schizophrenic persons (step 5 and step 6)

From: QLiS – development of a schizophrenia-specific quality-of-life scale

  Sample step 5subscale construction and reliabilityn = 203 Sample step 6 subscale testing and validityn = 135
Age (in years) 37.3 (±10.2) 37.4 (±9.8)
Sex (% female) 50% 46%
Married/partnership 25% 13%
Education (highest completed)
 none 3% 4%
 special education 3% 2%
 intermediate 30% 25%
 technical high school 34% 41%
 university entrance  qualification 27% 27%
 other 2%  
Normal or sheltered work 26% 29%
Age at onset of illness 23.5 (±9.5) 25.6 (±8.2)
Number of psychiatric admissions 5.5 (±5.1) 7.1 (±7.6)
Cumulative duration of hospitalisation (months) 30.7 (±45.0) 25.2 (±31.4)
Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) n.a. 51.7 (±18.0)
Psychopathology (PANSS) n.a.  
 positive symptoms   13.2 (±5.5)
 negative symptoms   15.0 (±5.5)
 general psychopathology   28.7 (±7.3)
 total score   57.0 (±15.1)
  1. PANSS Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale.