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Table 5 QOL change after 12 months of ART in multilevel linear regression models

From: Peer support and improved quality of life among persons living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment: A randomised controlled trial from north-eastern Vietnam

Dependent variable** Factors Clinical stage 1 & 2 Clinical stage 3 & 4
   ICC (%) Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients P value* ICC (%) Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients P value*
Overall QOL   28.6     42.7    
  Constant   0.979   0.672   −4.690   0.074
  High school or higher education   −2.537 −0.109 0.254   5.311 0.226928 0.010
  Someone in family died of AIDS   1.762 0.066 0.487   8.776 0.314378 0.000
  Having children   4.561 0.199 0.036   −0.486 −0.02076 0.810
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −6.460 −0.230 0.017   −2.764 −0.10861 0.214
  Intervention   −1.001 −0.044 0.689   4.156 0.177439 0.080
Physical   32.2     44.7    
  Constant   0.557   0.376   0.420   0.497
  High school or higher education   −0.767 −0.133 0.181   0.556 0.101 0.258
  Someone in family died of AIDS   −0.175 −0.026 0.789   1.204 0.184 0.037
  Having children   0.840 0.148 0.132   −0.497 −0.091 0.304
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −0.204 −0.029 0.773   −1.229 −0.206 0.021
  Intervention   0.223 0.039 0.758   1.359 0.247 0.014
Psychological   27.6     40.9    
  Constant   0.384   0.415   −1.221   0.037
  High school or higher education   −0.392 −0.077 0.420   1.013 0.184 0.044
  Someone in family died of AIDS   0.722 0.123 0.195   1.411 0.214 0.018
  Having children   0.800 0.160 0.091   −0.354 −0.064 0.478
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −1.199 −0.196 0.043   −0.540 −0.090 0.322
  Intervention   −0.495 −0.099 0.414   0.641 0.116 0.232
Level of independence   26.1     37.7    
  Constant   0.969   0.056   1.420   0.010
  High school or higher education   −0.798 −0.158 0.103   −0.286 −0.058 0.532
  Someone in family died of AIDS   0.509 0.087 0.363   0.431 0.073 0.429
  Having children   0.433 0.087 0.364   −0.551 −0.112 0.226
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −1.470 −0.241 0.014   −0.789 −0.147 0.113
  Intervention   0.347 0.070 0.564   0.806 0.164 0.097
Social relation   21.5     33.5    
  Constant   −0.516   0.377   −1.012   0.070
  High school or higher education   −0.304 −0.058 0.561   0.733 0.141 0.125
  Someone in family died of AIDS   −0.148 −0.024 0.840   1.297 0.210 0.023
  Having children   0.313 0.060 0.539   0.354 0.069 0.456
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −1.622 −0.255 0.011   −0.261 −0.046 0.615
  Intervention   0.418 0.080 0.472   −0.414 −0.080 0.417
Environment   31.2     32.4    
  Constant   −0.182   0.737   −1.155   0.040
  High school or higher education   −0.219 −0.041 0.657   0.849 0.179 0.065
  Someone in family died of AIDS   0.213 0.034 0.705   1.096 0.194 0.038
  Having children   0.442 0.083 0.358   0.114 0.024 0.799
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   −2.315 −0.355 0.000   −0.276 −0.053 0.576
  Intervention   −0.315 −0.059 0.602   0.174 0.037 0.761
Spirituality/personal beliefs   22.3     32.0    
Constant   −0.530   0.444   −3.215   0.000
  High school or higher education   −0.051 −0.008 0.939   2.215 0.275 0.001
  Someone in family died of AIDS   0.324 0.041 0.671   3.337 0.347 0.000
  Having children   1.865 0.279 0.004   0.524 0.065 0.446
  Hepatitis C and/or B co-infection   0.348 0.043 0.670   0.522 0.059 0.487
  Intervention   −0.778 −0.116 0.327   1.705 0.211 0.026
  1. *: Test to compare regression coefficient to 0.
  2. **: Difference between 12-month score and baseline score.
  3. ICC: Intra cluster (commune) correlation.