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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants aged 45 years and older living in the community or long-term care in Nova Scotia, Canada

From: Oral health-related quality of life in an aging Canadian population

Characteristic   % (N)
  Total Community LTC
  100 (1461) 77.4 (1131) 22.6 (330)
Age (yrs)
 45 – 64 45.3 (662) 55.6 (629) 10 (33)
 65 and over 54.7 (799) 44.4 (502) 90 (297)
Sex
 Male 34.5 (504) 37.1 (420) 25.5 (84)
 Female 65.5 (957) 62.9 (711) 74.5 (246)
Education Level
 More than high school 49.3 (718) 57.6 (649) 21.0 (69)
 High school or less 50.7 (738) 42.4 (478) 79.0 (260)
Community Type    
 Urban 59.1 (864) 59.2 (669) 59.1 (195)
 Rural 40.9 (597) 40.8 (462) 40.9 (135)
Annual Household Income
 More than $30,000 57.6 (643) 72.0 (618) 9.7 (25)
 Less than $30,000 42.4 (474) 28.0 (240) 90.3 (234)
Dental Insurance
 Yes 43.5 (621) 50.7 (568) 17.3 (53)
 No 56.5 (806) 49.3 (553) 82.7 (253)
Country of Birth    
 Canada 90.3 (1316) 90.3 (1018) 90.3 (298)
 Other 9.7 (141) 9.7 (109) 9.7 (32)
Frequency of Dental Visits
 1+ times per year 59.9 (862) 70.1 (782) 24.7 (80)
 < 1 times per year 40.1 (578) 29.9 (334) 75.3 (244)
Dentate status    
 Dentate 81.8 (878) 91.9 (684) 59.0 (194)
 Edentulous 18.2 (195) 8.1 (60) 41.0 (135)
Brushing Frequency (dentate only)
 2+ times per day 74.2 (650) 79.3 (541) 56.2 (109)
 < 2 times per day 25.8 (226) 20.7 (141) 43.8 (85)
Flossing Frequency (dentate only)
 1+ times per day 35.2 (299) 40.3 (268) 16.8 (31)
 < 1 times per day 64.8 (551) 59.7 (397) 83.2 (154)
Smoking Frequency
Occasionally or not at all 88.4 (1288) 87.3 (985) 92.1 (303)
Daily 11.6 (169) 12.7 (143) 7.9 (26)
  1. N.B. Bolded percentages are significant when p ≤0.05 using the Chi-square test.