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Table 2 Multiple Regression Models Predicting Overall QOL and QOL Subscales at One Year (N = 75)

From: Hemoglobin A1c improvements and better diabetes-specific quality of life among participants completing diabetes self-management programs: A nested cohort study

  Overall QOLa Diabetes Control Anxiety/ Worry Social Burden Sexual Function Energy and Mobility
  β p β p β p β p β p β p
Change in Hemoglobin A1c  
  (baseline – 1 year) b
.17 .13 .23 .04 .10 .42 .10 .40 .25 .03 .05 .64
Covariates             
  Treatment Condition c
  (0 = DM education; 1 = EPIC)
-.05 .68 -.04 .74 -.04 .71 -.05 .70 -.03 .81 -.07 .54
  Baseline Burden Inventory .36 .002 .37 .001 .27 .019 .24 .04 .24 .04 .35 .003
R 2 .18** .21** .10 .08 .14* .14*
  1. a Lower scores indicate better quality of life.
  2. b Lower scores indicate more improvement.
  3. c Treatment Condition = randomization to either Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Education Group Intervention or Empowering Patients in Chronic care (EPIC) Intervention.
  4. * p < .05, ** p < .01.