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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics for N = 75 Patients

From: Hemoglobin A1c improvements and better diabetes-specific quality of life among participants completing diabetes self-management programs: A nested cohort study

  Mean (SD) Median (IQR)
Age in years 64.03 (7.56) 63.00 (9.00)
Baseline Burden of illnessb 2.61 (0.81) 2.77 (1.30)
Baseline Body mass index (n = 66) 33.38 (5.86) 32.16 (5.59)
Deyo comorbidity index (n = 71) 3.66 (2.55) 3.00 (3.00)
Hemoglobin A1c %   
  Baseline 8.82 (1.20) 8.60 (1.40)
  1-year 8.28 (1.40) 7.90 (1.40)
1-year Diabetes QOL   
  Overall 41.36 (23.32) 40.33 (35.05)
  Diabetes control 42.24 (26.90) 43.06 (48.62)
  Anxiety/worry 37.94 (30.25) 37.50 (58.34)
  Social burden (n = 74) 23.96 (26.32) 13.33 (40.00)
  Sexual functioning (n = 74) 60.65 (34.34) 66.67 (50.00)
  Energy and mobility 43.10 (25.83) 43.33 (41.11)
  Frequency (Percent)  
Male 73 (97.33)  
Race/Ethnicity (n = 74)   
  White 38 (51.35)  
  Black 21 (28.38)  
  Hispanic 12 (16.22)  
  Other 3 (4.05)  
Education Levela   
  ≤ High School 21 (28.00)  
  Some College/Trade School 54 (72.00)  
VA co-pay   
  Required 25 (33.33)  
  Waived 50 (66.67)  
  1. a Highest completed education level.
  2. b Adapted from a subscale of the Diabetes Care Profile (Fitzgerald 1996).
  3. SD = standard deviation; IQR = inter-quartile range.