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Table 4 Comparison of EQ-VAS Scores between Subgroups with Different Health Status: by Age Group for Patients Completing the Chinese EQ-5D-3L

From: The discriminative power of the EuroQol visual analog scale is sensitive to survey language in Singapore

   < 70 years (N = 211)   70 years or older (N = 124)
  N Mean (SD) Adjusted difference*
(p-value)
N Mean (SD) Adjusted difference*
(p-value)
BMI (kg/m2)       
< 30 173 70.2 (16.7) 0.0 107 67.1 (16.0) -5.1
≥ 30 32 70.8 (16.7) (0.997) 10 70.4 (21.3) (0.354)
Duration of DM       
< 10 years 130 70.6 (17.6) 1.3 50 67.4 (17.0) 0.4
≥ 10 years 81 68.9 (15.3) (0.584) 72 67.2 (16.4) (0.897)
Presence of complication     
No 137 71.3 (17.3) 3.3 51 69.0 (18.4) 1.7
Yes 73 67.8 (15.3) (0.185) 71 66.1 (15.1) (0.589)
Presence of comorbidities     
No 47 68.0 (18.7) -3.4 14 69.6 (15.1) -0.2
Yes 163 70.7 (16.0) (0.239) 108 67.0 (16.8) (0.964)
  1. Notes: complications were conditions or diseases related to diabetes including stroke, ischemic heart disease, kidney disease, peripheral neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease, and eye disease; comorbidities included cancer, arthritis, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, asthma, lung conditions, liver conditions, mental disorders, urological disease, and ear, nose or throat diseases. * values are regression coefficients in multiple linear regression models in which the effects of administration mode, age, gender, employment status, and education using linear regression models are adjusted for.