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Table 4 Effects of age and HbA1c on total and self reported scores in DISABKIDS.

From: Reliability and validity of the Norwegian child and parent versions of the DISABKIDS Chronic Generic Module (DCGM-37) and Diabetes-Specific Module (DSM-10)

  Age HbA1c
  Subscale Unadjusted effect p Adjusted
effect a *
P Unadjusted effect p Adjusted
effect a **
p
Total sum- score HRQOL -0.94 0.08 -0.94 0.04 -2.49 0.01 -2.40 0.01
Mental Mental independence -0.78 0.15 -0.87 0.13 -0.58 0.64 0.62 0.62
  Mental Emotion
(Inner strength)
-1.58 0.01 -1.684 0.01 -2.77 0.05 -2.73 0.05
Social Social inclusion -0.75 0.11 -0.61 0.21 -2.49 0.02 -2.26 0.03
  Social exclusion
(Social equality)
-0.57 0.29 -0.48 0.37 -2.16 0.06 -2.02 0.09
Physical Physical limitations
(Physical Ability)
-0.78 0.09 -0.91 0.05 -3.19 0.001 -3.39 0.001
  Medication/Treatment -1.27 0.07 -0.97 0.19 -3.77 0.01 -3.37 0.03
Diabetes module Impact -1.47 0.03 -1.38 0.04 -4.43 0.002 -4.38 0.002
  Treatment -3.01 0.001* -2.84 0.001 -3.44 0.06 -2.54 0.16
  1. aAdjusted for gender, duration of diabetes and use of insulin pump vs. multi-injections using multiple linear regression analyses
  2. *Effect per year of age, **Effect per % increment of HbA1c.
  3. All subscales are scored from 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating higher self-perceived HRQOL.