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Table 3 Mean PCS and MCS decrements associated with a chronic physical health condition, a chronic mental health condition, or with co-morbid conditions (All compared to healthy reference group)

From: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) for individuals with self-reported chronic physical and/or mental health conditions: panel survey of an adult sample in the United States

   Males   Females
  Incremental decrement Total decrement Incremental decrement Total decrement
PCS     
≥ 1 Chronic Physical Health Condition Only −6.4 (−7.3,-5.4)   −7.5 (−8.6,-6.4)  
Addition of ≥ 1 Chronic Mental Health Condition −4.5 (−5.9,-3.2) −10.9 (−12.3, 9.6) −3.7 (−4.9,-2.5) −11.2 (−12.5, -9.9)
≥ 1 Chronic Mental Health Condition Only −0.7 (−2.6, 1.2)   0.3 (−2.5,3.1)  
Addition of ≥ 1 Chronic Physical Health Condition −10.2 (−12.3,-8.1) −10.9 (−12.3, 9.6) −11.5 (−14.3,-8.6) −11.2 (−12.5, -9.9)
MCS     
≥ 1 Chronic Physical Health Condition Only −1.7 (−2.7,-0.7)   −2.1 (−3.2,-1.0)  
Addition of ≥ 1 Chronic Mental Health Condition −13.6 (−15.0,-12.2) −15.3 (−16.7, -14.0) −13.1 (−14.3,-11.9) −15.2 (−16.6, -14.1)
≥ 1 Chronic Mental Health Condition Only −11.3 (−13.3,-9.3)   −11.9 (−14.7,-9.0)  
Addition of ≥ 1 Chronic Physical Health Condition −4.0 (−6.2,-1.8) −15.3 (−16.7, -14.0) −3.3 (−6.2,-0.4) −15.2 (−16.6, -14.1)
  1. PCS = Physical Component Summary score.
  2. MCS = Mental Component Summary score.
  3. Values in parentheses are confidence intervals (CIs).