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Table 2 Subset of articles based on three most commonly used HRQOL models

From: Systematic review of health-related quality of life models

Model used [Reference] Authors [Reference] Country Purpose Design Sample Model guided or derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Baker, Pankhurst, &; Robinson [25] United Kingdom To test Wilson and Cleary’s conceptual model of the direct and mediated pathways between clinical and non-clinical variables in relation to oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL). Randomized Controlled Trial 85 patients with xerostomia attending outpatient clinics Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Cosby, Holzemer, Henry, &; Portillo [28] United States To determine relationships among anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia and the five dimensions of the Wilson and Cleary model of HRQOL. Correlational 146 hospitalized patients with AIDS Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Frank, Auslander, &; Weissgarten [29] Israel To examine quality of life among patients undergoing different types of treatment for end-stage renal disease at different points of the disease. Descriptive 72 patients with end-stage renal disease Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Hofer, Benzer, Alber, Ruttmann, Kopp, Schussler, et al. [30] Austria, Ireland, Germany To apply the Wilson and Cleary model a priori to patients with coronary artery disease. Correlational 465 patients with coronary artery disease Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Janz, Janevic, Dodge, Fingerlin, Schork, Mosca, et al., [31] United States To describe the impact of clinical and psychosocial factors on the quality of life of older women with heart disease. Descriptive 570 older women with heart disease Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Krethong, Jirapaet, Jitpanya, &; Sloan [32] Thailand To examine causal relationships among bio-physiological status, symptoms, functional status, general health perception, HRQOL, and social support. Correlational 422 Thai patients with heart failure Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Mathias, Gao, Miller, Cella, Snyder, Turner, et al. [27] United States To develop a conceptual model to describe the impact of immune thrombocytopenic purpura on HRQOL. Qualitative &; Literature Review 23 patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Mathisen, Andersen, Veenstra, Wahl, Hanestad, &; Fosse [33] Norway To determine whether reciprocal relationships existed between quality of life and health appraisal in those with coronary artery bypass surgery. Correlational 120 patients with coronary artery bypass surgery Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Orfila, Ferrer, Lamarca, Tebe, Domingo-Salvany, &; Alonso [34] Spain To determine whether gender differences in HRQOL among the elderly are explained by differences in performance-based functional capacity and chronic conditions. Descriptive 544 elderly persons Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Penckofer Ferrans, Fink, Barrett, &; Holm [23] United States To determine effect of coronary artery bypass Graft (CABG) surgery on quality of life of women. Descriptive 61 women with coronary artery bypass Surgery Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Sousa [35] United States To describe a HRQOL model to guide clinical practice. Literature Review NA Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Sousa &; Kwok [24] United States To validate Wilson &; Cleary’s model using structural equation modeling in HIV+ patients. Correlational 917 HIV+ patients Guided
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Vidrine, Amick, Gritz, &; Arduino [36] Israel To empirically assess a proximal-distal framework for conceptualizing HRQOL in individuals living with HIV/AIDS. An integrated model based on Wilson and Cleary (2005) was used. Correlational 348 people with HIV/AIDS Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12] Wettergren, Bjorkholm, Axdorph, &; Langius-Eklof, [26] Sweden To examine determinants of HRQOL in long-term survivors of Hodgkin’s Disease. Mixed Methods 121 long-term Hodgkin’s lymphoma survivors + 236 healthy controls Guided
Ferrans et al. [13] Daggett, Bakas, &; Habermann [37] United States To identify gaps in current knowledge of HRQOL and traumatic brain injury and apply findings to developing recommendations for future research with combat veterans with traumatic brain injury. Literature Review N/A Guided
Ferrans &; Powers [19] Hill, Aldag, Hekel, Riner, &; Bloomfield [38] United States To develop and test psychometric properties of a maternal post-partum quality of life measure. Instrument Development 184 post partum mothers Guided
Ferrans &; Powers [19] Petchprapai &; Winkelman [39] Thailand United States To analyze the literature related to the clinical, theoretical, and empirical determinates of mild traumatic brain injury. Literature Review N/A Guided
World Health Organization [20] Fischer, LaRocca, Miller, Ritvo, Andrews, &; Paty [40] Canada &; United States To (1) review recent efforts to assess the broader impact of MS on quality of life; (2) describe the development of the MS Quality of Life Inventory (MSQLI); (3) discuss issues to consider in selecting an MS quality of life instrument. Instrument Development 15 MS patients in pilot test, 300 MS patients in field test Guided
World Health Organization [21] Hays, Hahn, &; Marshall [41] United States To examine different conceptual models of HRQOL and examine implications of these perspectives for measurement of HRQOL in persons with disabilities. Literature Review N/A Guided
World Health Organization [20] John [15] Germany To explore the dimensional structure of OHRQOL using experts’ opinions using a conceptual model of oral health. Instrument Development 10 dentists &; 4 psychologists Guided
World Health Organization [20] Post, deWitte, &; Schrijvers [42] Netherlands To extend the World Health Organization international classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps in rehabilitation. Literature Review N/A Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12]; Ferrans et al., [13] Ferrans, Zerwic, Wilbur, &; Larson [13] United States To revise the Wilson and Cleary model of HRQOL. Model Revision N/A Guided Derived
Wilson &; Cleary [12]; World Health Organization [20] Valderas &; Alonso [22] United Kingdom Spain To develop a classification system for patient-reported outcome measures based on Wilson &; Cleary’s HRQOL conceptual model and the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning. Literature Review NA Guided Derived