Skip to main content

Table 3 Changes and Responsiveness Parameters in Lawton IADL Scale 6 Months after the fall

From: Validation of the Spanish version of the Lawton IADL Scale for its application in elderly people

  Total Worsened Unchanged
  (n=809) (n=113) (n=485)
Pre, Mean (SD) 5.65 (2.87) 3.34 (2.77) 6.58 (2.36)
Post, Mean (SD) 4.97 (3.08) 1.15 (1.50) 5.91 (2.60)
Change, Mean (SD) −0.98 (2.12) −2.19 (2.61) −0.73 (1.90)
p-value * <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
% at floor    
Pre-intervention 7.06 14.41 3.98
Post-intervention 11.97 42.73 4.94
% at ceiling    
Pre-intervention 47.37 16.22 61.22
Post-intervention 36.52 0 44.85
SES ** 0.34 0.79 0.31
SRM *** 0.46 0.84 0.38
  1. * p-value from a paired t-test to compare whether there were significant differences between pre and post scores.
  2. Superscripts indicate significant differences between “worsened” and “unchanged” groups by means of the t-test.
  3. **SES: standardized effect size.
  4. ***SRM: standardized response mean.