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Table 2 Adjusted mean scores of self-efficacy and QoL in both groups and between groups adjusted mean difference

From: The effect of empowerment on the self-efficacy, quality of life and clinical and laboratory indicators of patients treated with hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial

Variables Adjusted mean (SD) Control Experimental Adjusted mean difference (95%CI) p-value
Stress reduction 29.94 ± 5.22 33.54 ± 5.2 −3.6 (-4.4 to -1.57) <0.02
Decision making 7.66 ± 2.01 10.87 ± 2.05 −3.21 (-4.39 to-2.03) <0.001
Positive attitude 49.12 ± 7.71 53.21 ± 7.75 −4.09 (-8.59 to 0.41) >0.073
Total self-care self-efficacy score 85.78 ± 11.16 97.8 ± 11.15 −12.02 (-18.41 to -5.53) <0.001
Health and functioning 15.78 ± 2.97 19.27 ± 3.00 −3.49 (-5.23 to -1.75) <0.001
Social and economic 16.25 ± 2.94 19 ± 2.95 −2.75 (-4.46 to -1.04) <0.002
Psychological and spiritual 18.76 ± 3.69 20.94 ± 3.69 −2.18 (-4.33 to -0.03) <0.047
Family 23.36 ± 4.5 26.41 ± 4.5 −3.05 (-5.66 to -0.420a) <0.024
Total quality of life score 17.54 ± 2.51 20.47 ± 2.5 −2.93 (-4.39 to -1.47) <0.001