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Table 1 Translations and Cultural Adaptations of the Adult Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ)

From: The Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire: Dimensions and Practical Applications

NOTE: References for independent translations are found in Bruce B, Fries JF. The Stanford health assessment questionnaire (HAQ): a review of its history, issues, progress, and documentation. J Rheumatol. 2003;30(1):167–78. Table adapted and used by permission of the Journal of Rheumatology.
Independent translations:
HAQ: Arabic, Australian, Austrian, Chinese, Finnish, French (France), German, Italian, Korean, Netherlands, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazil, Portugal), Scandinavian (multiple languages), Scottish, Spanish (Mexican, Chilean European, Costa Rican, Argentinian), Swedish, Swiss, Thai, Turkish.
CHAQ: Austrian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Czechoslovakian, English (British), Finnish, Belgian-Flemish, French (France), Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Korean, Netherlands, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Serbian, Slovakian, Spanish (Argentinian, Castillian, Costa Rican, Mexican), Swiss-German and Swiss-French, Turkish.
Translations/adaptations available through the Health Outcomes Group (E-mail:
Australian, Austrian, Belgian Dutch (Flemish), Belgian French, Canadian (French), Chinese (Cantonese [Hong Kong]), Croatian, Danish, English (Canadian, United Kingdom), Finnish, French (France), German (Germany, Switzerland), Greek, Israel (English), Hebrew, Italian, Lithuanian, Portuguese (Brazil, Portugal), Romanian, Singapore (English, Malay, Mandarin), Slovenian, So. Africa (Afrikaans, English), Spanish (Argentinian, Chilean, Columbian, Costa Rican, Guatemalan, Peruvian, Spain, United States, Venezuelan), Swedish, Turkish.
Translations/adaptations available through the MAPI Institute (website:
Australian, Austrian (German), Belgian Dutch (Flemish), Belgian French (Walloon), Canadian (French), Czech Republic, Danish, Dutch, English (Canadian, India, New Zealand, United Kingdom), Finnish, French (France), German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Israel, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Slovak Republic, So. Africa (Afrikaans, English), Spanish (Argentinian, Costa Rican, Guatemalan, Mexican, Spain, Venezuelan), Swedish.