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Table 2 Overall Health score by demographic variables (N = 3778)

From: Self-reported health-related quality of life in persons with HIV infection: results from a multi-site interview project

Variable Number (%) HRQOL Measure – Overall Health scorea Change from reference
Age, years    
   18–29 605 (16.0) 55.7 (ref.)  
   30–39 1783 (47.2) 51.4b -4.3
   40–49 1055 (27.9) 47.2c -8.5
   ≥50 335 (8.9) 45.4c -10.3
Gender    
   Male 2778 (73.5) 51.3 (ref.)  
   Female 1000 (26.5) 47.7c -3.6
Race/ethnicity    
   White 1286 (34.0) 54.4 (ref.)  
   Black 1547 (41.0) 48.5c -5.9
   Hispanic 901 (23.8) 47.8c -6.6
   Other 44 (1.2) 50.5 -3.9
Mode of exposure    
   MSM 1481 (39.2) 56.3 (ref.)  
   IDU 982 (26.0) 42.1c -14.2
   MSM/IDU 310 (8.2) 51.1 -5.2
   Heterosexual contact 691 (18.3) 49.7c -6.6
   Other (includes NIR) 314 (8.3) 49.0c -7.3
Most recent CD4 count    
   <200 1950 (56.4) 46.7 (ref.)  
   200–499 812 (23.5) 58.0c +11.3
   ≥500 259 (7.5) 64.9c +18.2
   Unknown 433 (12.5) 48.7 +2.0
Education    
   <12 years 1329 (35.2) 44.7 (ref.)  
   ≥ 12 years 2449 (64.8) 53.4c +8.7
Health insurance status    
   Private insurance 443 (12.7) 60.3 (ref.)  
   Public insurance 1889 (54.0) 47.2c -13.1
   None 1167 (33.3) 52.3c -8.0
Income    
   <$10,000/year 2135 (61.1) 47.1 (ref.)  
   ≥$10,000/year 1357 (38.9) 57.2c +10.1
Time HIV+ status known    
   <12 month 1091 (29.1) 52.1 (ref.)  
   ≥12 months 2662 (70.9) 49.7 -2.4
Current antiretroviral therapy    
   Yes 2380 (65.0) 50.8 (ref.)  
   No 1279 (35.0) 50.1 -0.7
Type of recruitment    
   Facility-based 2386 (63.2) 49.5 (ref.)  
   Population-based 1392 (38.4) 51.8 +2.3
  1. group totals may not sum to overall total because of missing data;
  2. a analysis of variance; Tukey-Kramer adjustment for multiple comparisons;
  3. b = P < 0.01; c = P < 0.001;
  4. ref. = reference group; MSM = men who have sex with men; IDU = injection drug use; MSM/IDU = men who have sex with men and injection drug use; NIR = no identified risk